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Flash selenium java-client-extension.jar download

Flash selenium java-client-extension.jar download

Ajax Testing With Selenium Using Wait for Condition




Download: Flash selenium java-client-extension.jar download




An important note: all this Selenium IDE hocus-pocus does lock you in on Firefox. Error handling, particularly unexpected errors 5. In this case, I called getText, which is defined as follows in selenium-api.


flash selenium java-client-extension.jar download

Most of the times, excel sheets are used to store the data. You can mostly ignore this, especially if use the star selector method of resetting default browser styles. Does Selenium support mobile internet testing?


flash selenium java-client-extension.jar download

Ajax Testing With Selenium Using Wait for Condition - Below is the code import java. There are three types of patterns available in Selenium 1.

 

Ajax testing with Selenium using waitForCondition An often-asked question on the selenium-users mailing list is how to test Ajax-specific functionality with Selenium. The problem with Ajax testing is that the HTML page under test is modified asynchronously, so a plain Selenium assert or verifycommand might very well fail because the element being tested has not been created yet by the Ajax call. A quick-and-dirty solution is to put a pause command before the assert, but this is error-prone, since the pause might be not sufficient on a slow machine, while being unnecessarily slow on a faster one. A better solution is to use Dan Fabulich's waitForCondition extension. But first, a word about Selenium extensions. If you've never installed a Selenium extension, it's actually pretty easy. You should have a file called userextensions. You need to rename that file as user-extensions. To install a specific extension such as waitForCondition, you need to download and unpack the extension's zip file, then add the contents of the user-extensions. That's all there is to it. Now back to testing Ajax functionality. For the MailOnnaStick application, Titus and I used Ian Bicking's Commentary application as an example of Ajax-specific functionality that we wanted to test with Selenium. See this post of mine for details on how Commentary works and how we wrote our initial tests. The approach we took initially was the one I mentioned in the beginning, namely putting pause commands before the Ajax-specific asserts. Interestingly enough, this was the only Selenium test that was breaking consistently in our buildbot setup, precisely because of speed differences between the machines that were running buildbot. So I rewrote the tests using waitForCondition. What does waitForCondition buy you? It allows you to include arbitrary Javascript code in your commands and assert that a condition written in Javascript is true. The test will not advance until the condition becomes true hence the wait prefix. Or, to put it in the words of Dan Fabulich: waitForCondition: Waits for any arbitrary condition, by running a JavaScript snippet of your choosing. For the Commentary functionality, the element I chose is the text area of the form that pops up when you doubleclick on the page. This element did not exist before the double-click event, so by asserting that its value is empty, I make sure that it exists, which means that the asynchronous Ajax call has completed. If the element is not there after the timeout has expired 10 seconds in my case , the assertion is marked as failed. To get to the element, I used the special variable selenium, which is available for use in Javascript commands that you want to embed in your Selenium tables. The methods that you can call on this variable are the same methods that start with Selenium. In this case, I called getText, which is defined as follows in selenium-api. You might wonder how I figured out which element to use in the assertion. Easy: I inspected the HTML source of the page under test before and after I double-clicked on the page, and I identified an element which was present only after the double-click event. The other scenario I had to test was that the Commentary post-it note is not present anymore after deleting the commentary. Again, I looked at the HTML page under test before and after clicking on the Delete link, and I identified an element which was present before, and not present after the deletion. I then searched for the text that I was NOT expecting to find anymore, and I asserted that the Javascript indexOf method returned -1 i. Update: Since images are worth thousands and thousands of words, here are 2 screencasts no sound of running the Commentary test with Selenium: one inWindows AVI format, and the other one in Quicktime MOV format you might be better off saving the files to your local disk before viewing them. This is because Selenium uses JavaScript, and JavaScript has a built-in security limitation to prevent cross-site scripting attacks against Web servers. The good news is that if you're using Firefox, you're in luck -- you can pretty much bypass this limitation thanks to the wonderful Firefox extension called Selenium IDE used to be called Selenium Recorder. I talked about the Selenium Recorder and other useful Firefox extensions in a previous post. What I want to show here is how easy it is to write Selenium tests, even against 3rd party applications, by using Selenium IDE. I'll assume you already installed Selenium IDE. You need to launch it via the Firefox Tools menu. It will open a new Firefox window that you just leave running in the background. Now let's say I want to test some Google searches, this being the canonical example used by people who want to play with Web testing tools. I go to google. If you followed along, you'll notice that the Selenium IDE window contains actions such as type and clickAndWait, as well as validation statements such as assertTitle and assertTextPresent. In fact, Selenium IDE just created a Selenium test case for you. Here's a snapshot of what I have at this point: Now you have several options for replaying and saving the current test. You can click on the large green arrow button. This will replay the actions in a Firefox window and will color the Selenium IDE assertion rows green or red, depending on the result of the actions. You can also click on the smaller green arrow button, to the right on the Selenium IDE. This will open a new Firefox window and will show the test in the familiar Selenium TestRunner mode, something like this: At this point, you can run the test in the standard TestRunner mode, by clicking for example on the Run button in the TestRunner Control Panel. The fact that Selenium IDE is a Firefox extension give it access to the chrome protocol and allows it to get around the JavaScript XSS security limitation. The test will be saved as an HTML file. Selenium IDE also allows you to test both http and https within the same application. Normally, without the Selenium IDE, you need to choose at the start of your test whether you want to test pages accessible via http, or pages accessible via https. Once you make this choice, you can't switch from http to https or from https to http within the same test, because of the dreaded JavaScript XSS security limitation. With Selenium IDE, however, you can open both kinds of pages within a single test. An important note: all this Selenium IDE hocus-pocus does lock you in on Firefox. As soon as you start testing pages that are not under your application root, or you start mixing http and https in your tests, you will not be able to run the same tests under IE, Camino, Safari or other browsers -- at least not until people come up with browser-specific extensions that will get around the XSS limitation. If you want your tests to be portable across browsers, you can still use Selenium IDE to create the tests. You just need to make sure you test pages that are within your application, and that use the same protocol throughout the test. After saving the tests as local HTML files, you need to copy them over to the Selenium installation that you have deployed on the server hosting the application under test. In any case, I urge you to start using Selenium IDE. It will give you a major productivity boost in writing Selenium tests. Useful tools for writing Selenium tests I've been writing a lot of Selenium tests lately and I've been using some tools that I find extremely useful for composing table-style tests. Let me start by saying that writing GUI-based tests for Web apps is no fun, no matter what your testing tool is. You need to navigate through pages, fill and submit forms, and verify that certain elements are present on the pages. Doing all this manually can quickly become tedious and kill whatever joy you may find in testing. It intercepts Web browsing actions such as opening a URL, clicking on a link, entering text in a field form, selecting a drop-down menu item, submitting a form, etc. What I find most remarkable about this is that I don't need to worry about identifying HTML elements in order to find a suitable Selenium locator such as an XPath expression, or a DOM expression. For example, SelRec is smart enough to identify links using the simplest locator expression that uniquely identifies a link. If the name of the link is unique, SelRec will use it. If several links have the same name, SelRec will automatically use an XPath expression that uniquely identifies each link. SelRec can also help with certain Selenium assertion commands. I would guess that most of the testing you're doing with Selenium consists in opening URLs, clicking on various page elements, submitting forms and asserting that some text is present on a Web page or that a Web page has a certain title. Since all these actions and verifications are supported by SelRec out of the box, your life as a tester suddenly becomes a bit easier. Many times you do need to verify that a specific chunk of text on your page conforms to a regular expression. This is when things become a bit hairy: you somehow need to identify that element. You can always try to do it in your head by eye-balling the HTML source of the page and trying to come up with the right XPath expression. But fortunately there's an easier way. At this point, I'm glad to be able to point you to another sanity-saving tool: XPath Checker, which is also a Firefox extension. A Firefox window will pop up with an entry field containing an XPath expression, as identified by the tool, and with the text matching that expression. This window allows you to interactively change the XPath expression and see the text that it matches. It's great for playing with and learning XPath BTW, here is a great XPath tutorial. Together, the Selenium Recorder and the XPath Checker tools will allow you to easily write the vast majority of your Selenium tests. For more advanced functionality, I refer you to the many Selenium user extensions contributed by people active in the Selenium community. For some nifty Ajax testing if I may say so myself , see also this blog post of mine. Note that XPath expressions don't work that well in Internet Explorer. If browser compatibility is high on your list, then you probably need to identify HTML elements via their DOM locations. For that, you can use the DOM Locator extension which ships with Firefox, but you can also peek at the XPath expression generated by the XPath Checker and try to come up with the equivalent DOM expression. Camino, a Mac-specific browser, doesn't seem to have this problem, so you can very easily write your Selenium tests using Firefox with its extensions, then run them in Camino Titus and I did just that when testing our PyCon tutorial app. To wrap this thing up, here's an example of using the SelRec and the XPath Checker. Let's assume you want to test some of the search functionality of amazon. Note that you can't do this with table-mode Selenium unless you work for amazon. But for the sake of this example, I just want to illustrate how to use the tools when testing a complex Web site. I'll soon add post another entry on dealing with frames and pop-up windows in Selenium. Why does that heading have all that extra padding? Why is my text the wrong colour? Why does my navigation have a large moose dressed as Noel Coward on top of all the links? Perhaps you work in a collaborative environment, where developers and other designers are adding code? In which case, the likelihood of CSS strangeness is higher. You need to debug. The DOM Inspector knows where everything is in your layout, and more importantly, what causes it to look the way it does. So without further ado, load up any css based site in your copy of Firefox or Flock for that matter , and launch the DOM Inspector from the Tools menu. The inspector uses two main panels — the left to show the DOM tree of the page, and the right to show you detail: The Inspector will look at whatever site is in the front-most window or tab, but you can also use it without another window. I find this layout handier than looking at a window behind the DOM Inspector. Step 1 — find your node! These nodes are all listed in the left hand panel, with any ID or CLASSattribute values next to them. Nested HTML elements such as a link inside a paragraph have a reveal triangle next to their name, clicking this takes you one level further down. This can be fine for finding the node you want to look at, but there are easier ways. Say you have a complex rounded box technique that involves 6 nested DIVs? All that drilling down the DOM tree has been done for you! Pressing F3 will take you to any other instances. Notice also, that when you click on a node in the inspector, it highlights where it is in the browser view with a flashing red border! Once the node is selected, we move over to the right hand panel. This is the browsers default CSS, that creates the basic rendering. You can mostly ignore this, especially if use the star selector method of resetting default browser styles. Your style sheets come next. See how helpful it is? It even tells you the line number where to find the related CSS rules! Now that you can see all the style rules affecting that node, the rest is up to you! List of XPaths XPath as filesystem addressing The basic XPath syntax is similar to filesystem addressing. A number in the brackets gives the position of the element in the selected set. The function last selects the last element in the selection. Function normalize-space removes leading and trailing spaces and replaces sequences of whitespace characters by a single space. The child axis is the default axis and it can be omitted. The floor function returns the largest closest to positive infinity number that is not greater than the argument and that is an integer. The ceiling function returns the smallest closest to negative infinity number that is not less than the argument and that is an integer. A number in the brackets gives the position of the element in the selected set. The function last selects the last element in the selection. Analogous implementations can be made for the other available Selenium RC clients:. NET, Perl, Python, and Ruby. We encourage you to run the following Selenium RC Java client JUnit test against the sample web application. But before doing so, please make sure the environment is properly set up and that you are familiar with executing a basic Selenium RC Java client JUnit test. FlashSelenium is the component that enables Selenium RC Java client to talk to Flash. To use it, all you need to do is add flashselenium-java-clientextension. The following is the ChangeColorsSiteTest. You are also able to do all the web application verifications from the same test if appropriate. This capability is particularly interesting for validating the interoperability of web application components—for example, validating corresponding values from the Flash component and the rest of the web application. The remaining part of the testColorTransition method validates the color transition logic. Note that the changeColor ActionScript 3. Figure 3 shows the ChangeColorsSiteTest executed within the Eclipse IDE. Executing the ChangeColorSiteTest within Eclipse Figures 4 and 5 show the sequence within the browser started by Selenium when executing the testRectangleLabel test. On the Selenium RC client side, you use FlashSelenium for Java, available as flashselenium-java-client-extension. On the Flash side, you can verify the default functions of any Flash SWF e. We walked you through testing a simple web application containing a Flash SWF object. For more examples, please refer to the Flash Selenium project page. FlashSelenium is useful for testing both Flash and Flex applications. As we demonstrated in this article, the tests are executed against the deployed SWF. Flex originally was designed to support enterprise development for the Flash platform. For instance, Flex is geared towards application development. Testing is a fundamental practice for a successful enterprise development practice. Therefore, Flex developers should add Selenium and FlashSelenium to their test tools arsenal. Selenium RC is the proposed solution's main component. Selenium drives the functional tests against the web application embedding the Flash SWFs. Because Selenium is an active open-source project, we can benefit from its current and future capabilities for instance, Selenium Grid could be used for running tests in parallel and for validating Flash web applications' compatibility against a variety of browsers and operational systems. Also, as is usually the case, the Flash application executes in a web browser; and by using Selenium and enhancing it to work with Flash , we are able to test the Flash application as well as the other web application components. Software Testing - Flash Object Automation using Selenium Testing Tools - Test Execution If you work in web application testing, you probably know that Selenium is one of the best tool for automating web applications. Though it can be used to test various aspects of web application, sometime you need to find your way around when using Selenium, one such situation is testing flash component using Selenium. Developers use Flash to beautify their websites, but it makes test automation a challenging task because Selenium can not read or record any actions on flash objects. These two issues could easily be handled by Selenium for most of the website objects except for Flash. In this article we will describe how to automate testing of Flash based components of web applications. These three steps are very important while understanding the automation of Flash based components for web applications. The reason I am saying static content is that the contents of the movie stay the same. The reason I am mentioning these as dynamic content , is that Flash is just picking up this data from some system and displaying it in the Flash format. The contents may vary depending on the context of the page. For example, Flash can be used to display the a strip of pictures uploaded for a particular program for a media website. In this case the behaviour of the Flash is the same for all the programmes, only the content it is displaying is changing. Both these cases could be automated in a different manner depending upon the information available in the DOM Document Object Model. We are going to take second case first and explain how we used the DOM information for our automation and addressed one of the two issues i. We used the 3 steps mentioned earlier for automating the Flash based component of a media website. If you have a website where dynamic Flash information is read in 'flashvars' then you could also follow the same steps. So how do you know whether the Flash components of your website are using the 'flashvars'information or not? Well its not that difficult to find it out. Search for the 'flash' in the firebug you will get some div tag informing about the flash content and containing an object tag for the flashplayer. In this object tag search for 'param' mostly it is called 'flashvars' and the value contains all the information that flash will display. After having the xpath you could get the value of this 'param' or 'flashvars' in a string usinggetattribute function of Selenium. This string would appear a bit strange on first look but on analyzing this string you would find a common pattern and it would be easy for you to then parse this string to get the required values. This technique is very useful in at least verifying certain values. Let us apply this technique on www. A very interesting case of applying this technique could be testing whether the id of the video played on youtube is the same as the one displayed for embedding or not. Here is the screen grab of a random video on youtube. In the technique presented above, there is nothing which is only applicable for only Flash objects. You can follow the three steps mentioned above for any kind of automation and might come up with similar technique for something else as well based on your context. In the next article we will discuss a Flash specific technique for the Selenium using flash-selenium. The ability to pimp up a web page with flash is great, it looks excellent and often better than simple HTML pages. But the ability to test Flash pages is poor. In this tutorial I try to explain a way to test flash objects with javascript and selenium. Preconditions: The steps described in this tutorial were done with selenium-core 0. You cannot test any flash you find in the net, it must be yours! Flash and Javascript: Flash objects on a webpage are accessable by some javascript functions. SetVariable varName,varValue ; } To call a flash function, e. Our Flash developer added a label to all Flash objects, which calls a function via reflection see below. The code must reside on the label clickIt.

flash selenium java-client-extension.jar download

Re-execution of failed tests 8. What does waitForCondition buy you. There are several libraries written to support Android Operating System. XPath Checker XPather String-match Patterns Subbu Feature rich XPath generator, editor, inspector and prime extraction tool. FlashSelenium is the component that enables Selenium RC Java client to talk to Flash. Test public void method - Annotation Test identifies that this method is a test method. Using HTML language we cannot achieve the above mentioned requirements. You may think in your mind that, what's too in that. What are the types of text patterns available in Selenium?.

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